Prevention of Infertility – Overview
You are not alone if you and your partner are having trouble getting pregnant. 10% to 15% of couples in the US struggle with infertility. Most couples define infertility as the inability to become pregnant while engaging in regular, unprotected intercourse for at least a year.
A problem with you or your spouse, or a combination of circumstances that hinder pregnancy, may cause infertility. Fortunately, there are numerous treatments that are risk-free and efficient and dramatically increase your chances of getting pregnant.
Infertility Risk Factor
Age. With time, a woman’s eggs lose both quality and quantity. The amount of follicle loss accelerates towards the middle of the 30s, producing fewer eggs of lower quality. This elevates the chance of miscarriage and makes fertilization more challenging.
Weight. Ovulation may be significantly affected by being overweight or underweight. The frequency of ovulation and the chance of pregnancy may rise with a healthy body mass index (BMI).
Sexual background. The fallopian tubes can suffer damage from STIs such as chlamydia and gonorrhea. Unprotected intercourse with numerous partners increases your risk of contracting an STD that could later affect your ability to conceive.
Alcohol. Overindulgence in alcohol can lower fertility.
Smoking. Smoking may increase your incidence of ectopic pregnancy and miscarriage in addition to harming your fallopian tubes and cervix.
How To Prevent and Reduce the Infertility?
Your reproductive health is a reflection of your general well-being. Ensure healthy life for yourself. Take into account the ensuing advice to be healthy.
Avoid smoking. Smoking decreases your odds of getting pregnant and raises your likelihood of miscarriage. Additionally, smokers experience menopause two years earlier than non-smokers.
Exercise. Stay physically active to keep fit, and add weight training as you get older, especially if you’re over 40, to build muscle and keep Your body in good shape. But take care not to overdo it and put your body under unnecessary stress, such as by continuously running more than 6 to 10 miles every day.
Preserve healthy body weight. In addition to endangering your health, being overweight or underweight can also affect your fertility.
Never engage in unguarded sex. Your fertility tomorrow may be impacted by the sexually transmitted virus you contract today.
Don’t wait to get evaluated once you’re actively trying to get pregnant, especially if you’re over 35. If you are over 35 and your cycles are regular, you should seek help after 12 months, or after six months. If your periods are irregular, get assistance right once.
Once you begin therapy, you can anticipate that the evaluation will be finished in no more than two months and that treatment cycles will last between three and six months before going to the next stage.
Don’t wait to start a family when you’re ready. The main factor affecting how well a couple will respond to fertility treatment is the age of the female partner. The second most significant effect is the length of infertility.
Remain informed. Always comprehend what your doctor is asking of you, and lead by example. Ask questions, comprehend the procedure, and take a proactive approach to your health.
In today’s hectic environment, self-care is key to maintaining fertility.
This includes getting enough sleep, eating healthily, managing stress, and exercising moderately. Treat your body with respect; it is a temple. A healthy body is a good body for reproduction.
Why Addressing Infertility Is Important?
Every person has a right to the best possible level of bodily and mental health. The choice of how many children to have at what age and at what intervals are a matter for both individuals and couples. The realization of these fundamental human rights may be undermined by infertility.
Therefore, addressing infertility is crucial to realizing everyone’s and couples’ right to start a family.
Many different people may need infertility management and fertility care services, including heterosexual couples, same-sex partners, older people, those who are not in sexual relationships, people with specific medical disorders, such as Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) serodiscordant couples, and cancer survivors.
The impoverished, single, illiterate, jobless, and other marginalized communities suffer from inequities and gaps in access to fertility care services. Gender inequality can be lessened by addressing infertility.
Even while both men and women can experience infertility, women who are in a relationship with a male are frequently thought to be infertile, whether or not they are.
Women in infertile relationships, in particular, frequently face violence, divorce, social stigma, emotional stress, sadness, anxiety, and low self-esteem due to infertility, which has substantial negative societal effects on their life.
Because children have a high social value in some cultures, fear of infertility might prevent both men and women from taking contraception if they feel under pressure to show their fertility at a young age. Interventions aimed at educating people on the prevalence and causes of infertility and fertility are crucial in these circumstances.