Conceiving Concepts > Fertility Treatment > Fertility Drugs

Fertility Drugs

fertility drugsIn general, fertility drugs for women work to overcome a variety of ovulation disorders.  Although some of these drugs are combined with other treatments, they can be used alone, especially if a woman prefers to exhaust her options before submitting to any invasive procedures.

The overall goal of most—but not all—fertility drug protocols for women is either to induce ovulation by stimulating some aspect of the ovaries or her pituitary gland into producing the necessary hormones.  They are used in women who are either not ovulating at all, or not ovulating regularly.  

Please keep in mind that these drug protocols often come in the form of injections, and that they may require frequent blood tests and ultrasound exams to make sure they’re working since, on rare occasions, they can cause other problems, such as ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), a serious but treatable health complication in which the ovaries become swollen.  The possibility of developing OHSS from fertility drugs is another reason for the frequency of blood tests and ultrasounds.

Here are some of the more common fertility drugs: 

Clomid: Clomiphene Citrate

Clomiphene Citrate is the chemical name for both Clomid and Serophene.  It has been around for quite a while and among fertility drugs it has a very high profile and a sound track record.  It works by instructing the brain to produce estrogen, resulting in increased egg production by the ovaries. 

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG)

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) comes under such names as Pregnyl and Profasi.  In conjunction with other drugs, hCG works to stimulate the ovaries into releasing eggs that have reached maturity.

Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) and Luteinising Hormone (LH) come under such names as Follistim, Gonal-F, Menopur and Merional, and they stimulate egg production in the ovaries.  For this reason, they are often followed up by an injection of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG).

Human Menopausal Gonadotropin (hMG)

Human Menopausal Gonadotropin (hMG) comes under such names as Pergonal and Metrodin and is sometimes used when drugs like Clomid fail to work.  By combining FSH and LH, hMG activates the pituitary gland to release these hormones, thereby stimulating ovulation.   The same function holds true for Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone (Gn-RH), which comes under such names Factrel and Gonadorelin.

Bromocriptine (Parlodel)

Bromocriptine comes under the name Parlodel.  Bromocriptine can restore fertility in women by blocking the pituitary gland from producing a hormone called prolactin which, in extreme levels, gets in the way of ovulation and menstruation because it doesn’t allow for the production of FSH and LH. does not make treatment recommendations nor dispense medical advice; only a physician or heath care provider is qualified to determine the proper treatment for any patient.  The treatment options are presented for general education purposes only.

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