Swedish Woman Becomes World's First To Give Birth After Womb Transplant

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A 36-year-old Swede became the world’s first women to give birth after receiving a womb transplant, which doctors have described as a breakthrough for infertile women.

The mother was born without a womb because of a genetic condition known as the Rokitansky syndrome, though her ovaries were intact. Surgeons who performed the transplant said the success represented a triumph over the last major barrier of female infertility – the absence of a uterus for hereditary or surgical reasons.

The replacement organ came from a 61-year-old woman, a close family friend, who had been through menopause. The operation took 10 hours to perform. Though the womb was initially rejected by the woman’s body, a dose of corticosteroid drugs suppressed the immune system and halted the rejection. One year after the transplant, a single early-stage embryo was inserted into the transplanted womb – three weeks later, a pregnancy test showed positive.

"Our success is based on more than 10 years of intensive animal research and surgical training by our team and opens up the possibility of treating many young females worldwide that suffer from uterine infertility," Professor Matts Braennstroem of the University of Gothenburg said.

Braennstroem noted that women with the disorder, or who have had a hysterectomy, can now chose this option over adoption or a surrogate mother. In some countries, even surrogacy is not allowed because of ethical, legal or religious reasons.

"It gives hope to those women, and men also of course, that thought they would never have a child, that thought they were out of hope," Liza Johannesson, a surgeon, said.

Previous attempts to transplant a womb have been unsuccessful. In 2000, one woman had to have the transplanted uterus removed after it became necrotic. In 2011, a woman who had received a uterus continued to have miscarriages.

Source: New Vision


 
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