High Prolactin Causes

prolactin
Structure of prolactin

High Prolactin is a fairly common problem, found in up to one-third of all infertility patients who do not menstruate. There are several known High Prolactin causes.

Hypothyroidism
The most common of High Prolactin causes is hypothyroidism, in which an inadequate amount of the thyroid hormone is produced. Treating the hypothyroidism with thyroid hormone can correct prolactin levels. In rare cases, there are other problems, such as chronic kidney failure or tumors of the pituitary gland may also by the culprit. They can usually be identified with an MRI. However, in about 30 percent of the cases, the root High Prolactin cause is unexplained.
Surgical scars
Surgical scars on the chest wall or other chest wall irritations like shingles can trigger a rise in levels.
Medications
According to the American Society of Reproductive Medicine, some medications, like tranquilizers, high blood pressure medications and anti-nausea drugs can all lead to such problems. Oral contraceptives and recreational drugs like marijuana may result in mild cases.
PCOS
Some women with PCOS also have High Prolactin.

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