Assisted Reproduction

The following articles look at different treatments and methods available for Assisted Reproduction.

ART Success Rates
ART can be expensive and time-consuming. But it has allowed many couples to have children that otherwise would not have been conceived. Success rates vary and depend on many factors...
Surgical Sperm Retrieval
Infertility in some men may be due to an interruption in the sperm transport passages. In these cases sperm may need to be surgically collected from inside a man’s genitals. Sperm can be aspirated with a needle from the testicle or from the vas deferens...
Minimal Stimulation IVF
A mini-IVF, or a minimal stimulation IVF is designed to give women only a few (but high quality) eggs, thus avoiding the risks of hyperstimulation, reducing the cost of drugs, reducing the number of injections, and completely avoiding the painful progesterone injections...
In vitro Fertilization (IVF)
The procedure of IVF begins with drugs and hormones, used to stimulate a woman’s ovaries into producing mature eggs. Those eggs are then retrieved from her ovaries and mixed with male sperm in a laboratory to achieve fertilization. The resulting embryo is then put directly into the woman’s uterus, with the hope that it will attach to the uterine wall and begin to develop...
Frozen Embryo Transfer
Freezing extra embryos for a later cycle may be the next step on your journey to family building. A FET, or frozen embryo treatment is when embryos frozen from a previous IVF cycle are thawed and placed in the womb. Fresh cycles almost always have an advantage over frozen cycles in most in vitro fertilization programs, but FET sometimes results in successful pregnancies...
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis is not simply one test, but a combination of techniques administered by highly skilled embryologists, scientists who specialize in embryo development. It allows an embryologist to view the genetic makeup of a single cell from an embryo created with IVF...
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
The procedure takes the place of a sperm fertilizing the egg by itself; in ICSI a woman undergoes IVF and specialists literally inject a sperm into the egg with a microinjector. As such, this procedure is often, but not always, used to treat male infertility, specifically disorders relating to the testes and sperm production...
Assisted Zona Hatching (AZH)
Following conception, the blastocyst ‘hatches’ out of the tough shell surrounding it, called the zona pellucida. This is necessary for it to attach to the uterine wall and begin to receive oxygen and other nutrients from the mother. Sometimes, the blastocyst can’t hatch from the tough zona pellucida because it’s too tough, effectively disabling the embryo...
Autologous Endometrial Coculture (AEC)
AEC is a technique involving IVF that tries to create a more natural environment in the laboratory for the development of the embryo. Following fertilization in the IVF lab, the embryo is placed on a layer of cells previously removed from the woman’s own uterine lining before being transferred to the uterus. The idea is that the uterine cells help promote proper development of the embryo...

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