What is infertility?

woman

If trying to get pregnant has become a challenge, know that you are not alone. As many as 10-15% of all couples struggle with making a baby. Until you see a doctor and undergo some tests, you won’t know what’s causing it. It could be something with the woman, the man or both. Statistically, the source of the problem lies equally among those three options. Fortunately, there are many safe options for both identifying the problem and correcting it. Technology moves rapidly in this area with new treatments being introduced as well as old treatments refined for better chances of success.

Symptoms

Most couples achieve pregnancy within six months of trying. After 12 months of unprotected intercourse, 90% of couples are pregnant. The main sign of infertility is simply the inability to get pregnant. There are no other obvious symptoms. Some women may have an abnormal cycle or men may have hormonal imbalances that present as unusual hair growth or sexual dysfunction.

When to make an appointment

After a year of trying, it will help you to see a doctor and get your questions answered. However, if you are a woman and any of the following is true for you, see a doctor sooner:

- You’re 34 years old or older and have been trying to conceive for six months or longer

- You menstruate irregularly

- Your periods are painful

- You have been previously diagnosed with endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory disease

- You have had more than one miscarriage

If you are a man, talk with your doctor if you know any of the following are true:

- You have a low sperm count

- A history of testicular, prostate or sexual problems

Of the 10-15% of couples who have trouble conceiving, most do go on to get pregnant. The sooner you get confirmation of any infertility challenge, the sooner you can start addressing it.

Source: Mayo Clinic


 
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