Infertility Symptoms


Infertility, or the inability to conceive a child, is a disorder with many possible symptoms. There are several signals that could indicate a man or a woman is infertile – while many of the following are not definite signs of infertility, they’re often red flags for doctors.

A couple is considered to have fertility issues if they haven’t conceived a baby after one to two years of trying. Usually, this is the time when they visit a doctor. They may discover there’s a simple reason why they’re having trouble getting pregnant – perhaps they are mistiming their sex and missing the time that the woman’s ovulating. One symptom that may help a doctor determine this is the cause of a couple’s fertility problem: the woman may not be producing fertile-quality cervical mucus during the time she and her partner are trying to conceive.

Irregular periods are a symptom that a woman may be experiencing fertility isues. She may have a very long or short menstrual cycle (under 24 days, or over 35 days), or she may miss periods. If her cycle’s too long or short, this could be a symptom of anovulation – in other words, she’s not producing eggs. It could also indicate that phases in her menstrual cycle are too long or short for fertilization or implantation of an egg. If she has very light or very heavy bleeding during her period, if she experiences extremely painful menstrual cramps, or if she bleeds a little during one period but a lot during another, these may be signs that she has one of several conditions linked to infertility.

For men, erectile dysfunction can be a symptom of infertility, in a roundabout way: it’s not that the man is infertile per se, it’s that he can’t perform sexually and produce sperm to fertilize the woman’s egg. Male infertility otherwise won’t have a lot of symptoms. It’s usually only when a man’s sperm is tested that he discovers he has a low sperm count or low motility. Other than that, however, male infertility generally doesn’t produce symptoms: if a male’s sperm count is low, that won’t be evident until he undergoes sperm testing.

If a couple’s experiencing infertility issues, a doctor may view prior STDs as a red flag: this isn’t so much a symptom as it is a cause. Sexually transmitted infections such as Chlamydia can leave scarring in the uterus and fallopian tubes, which will have a negative impact on fertility. It can also affect the testicles and compromise their reproductive health.


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