Can Taking Birth Control Cause You to Be Infertile?

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Women want to exercise some control over when they start a family and birth control in all its forms is an important part of empowering women in that way. However, we worry about the long term effects and whether or not our fertility will be affected by the choices we make today. There are many different types of birth control, each with its own particular risks.

Birth control pills

Birth control pills in all their varieties are one of the most popular forms of birth control. And for good reason: they are effective and have almost no risk of long term negative effect. In fact, in the months after discontinuing pill use, fertility may be increased. For some women, it may take a few months after stopping the pill to get a more regular menstrual cycle back.

IUD

The benefits of an IUD is that they are very effective and do not use hormones. Most women return to full fertility after having the device removed. There is a small risk though that the device could be improperly placed and that would cause damage to the uterus and possible infection. These conditions could lead to temporary or permanent infertility.

Depo-Prevera injections

Temporary infertility can occur with Depo-Prevera as a result of the hormones circulating in the body for months after the injections are discontinued. For some women it can take even longer.

Listen to your body; talk to your doctor

Painful cramps and excessive spotting or bleeding are signs that something is not right. Talk to your doctor immediately. Birth control choices are highly personal and not every form is meant for everyone.

Source: Anna Ryan; WebMD; Planned Parenthood


 
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