What are fertility drugs?

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You’ve probably heard of Clomid, the most popular fertility drug in the US, but there are others each with its own purpose. If you are considering medical intervention, it’s likely your doctor will discuss one or more of these popular pharmaceuticals with you.

Clomiphene Citrate

Also known as Clomid or Serophene. This compound tricks the body into thinking estrogen levels are low which then stimulates the production of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). FSH causes follicles in the ovaries to ripen and LH triggers the release of an egg.

Follicle Stimulating Hormone

Called Follistim, Gonal-f. This is a natural hormone that helps eggs msture. The drug is a synthetic version of the natural hormone. It can be prescribed to induce ovulation or to help stimulate the development of multiple eggs for IVF.

Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH) Antagonist

Also known as Antagon. This injectable is used to trigger the production of more luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) which causes the pituitary gland to temporarily shut down and stop ovulation. This drug is used to regulate ovulation cycles for treatment or for chemotherapy.

Heparin

Hep-Lock or Liquaemin. Heparin is also an injectable which is a blood thinner lowering the risk of miscarriage in women with blood-clotting disorders. This is often the cause of recurrent pregnancy loss.

Human Menopausal Gonadotropin

Also called Pergonal, Repronex or Menopur. This injectable combination of LH and FSH will either induce ovulation in women who don’t ovulate or ovulate rarely.

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG)

Also Pregnyl, Profasi, Novarel. This is a type of hormone that stimulates egg maturation and release from the ovary’s follicles.

Leuprolide

Common names are Lupron, synthetic gonadotropin inhibitor. This is usually used by women who are undergoing IVF. This pharmaceutical suppresses the hormones LH and FSH to keep a woman from releasing immature eggs.

Don’t be surprised if your doctor tries more than one of these throughout your treatment. For about a third of couples, the source of infertility is unknown and it may take some experimentation to find a solution.

Source: Conceive


 
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