How successful is ART?


Assisted Reproductive Technology includes all fertility treatments in which both eggs and sperm are handled. Generally ART procedures involve surgically removing eggs from a woman’s ovaries, combining them with sperm in the laboratory, and returning them to the woman’s body or donating them to another woman. Procedures included in ART are not those treatments in which only sperm are handled (i.e., intrauterine—or artificial—insemination) or procedures in which a woman takes medicine only to stimulate egg production. So the name can be a bit of a misnomer. These other procedures require “assistance” from a reproductive specialist, but they are not included in the ART category.

In 2011, about a third of ART cycles produced a live birth

ART has been used in the United States since 1981 to help women become pregnant, most commonly through in vitro fertilization. According to the Center for Disease Control’s 2011 ART Fertility Clinic Success Rates Report, slightly over 163,000 ART cycles were performed at 451 reporting clinics in the United States during 2011. These procedures resulted in 47,818 live births and 61,610 live born infants (the number is higher because of multiple births). Although the use of ART is still relatively low when compared to demand, its use has doubled over the past decade. Today, over 1% of all infants born in the United States are conceived using ART.

There are complications

ART has complications. There are high rates of multiple delivery, preterm delivery, and low birth-weight delivery. Monitoring the outcomes of technologies that affect reproduction, such as contraception and ART, has become an important part of the CDC’s activities.

See the CDC’s Success Rates Report for more information

The ART Success Rates Report from the CDC provides an in-depth picture of the type, number, and outcome of ART cycles performed in specific U.S. fertility clinics. It includes tables that provide ART success rates and other information from each clinic. If you are considering ART, you can use this report to find the “best” clinic. While numbers might seem like evidence of quality, comparisons between clinics should be made carefully. Many factors contribute to success. Some factors relate to the training and experience of the clinic and professionals, some relate to the quality of services. Other factors have to do with the patients themselves, their age and cause of infertility. Some clinics may not accept patients with a low chance of success and this will affect their appearance of success.
Source: CDC


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