Causes of female infertility


About 10% of couples experience struggles with having a baby. Infertility is the inability to get pregnant about a year of unprotected sex.

Both men and women can be infertile, and they experience problems with fertility equally. About a third of fertility struggles trace to the man, a third to the women and a third are undefined, possibly occurring as a result of the two particular people not able to blend for some reason – in other words, infertility may not be experienced with a different partner. For about 20% of couples, the source of infertility can be found and treated.

Age and female infertility

Girls are born already possessing all the eggs they will ever have. As reproductive years pass, the number and quality of the eggs declines. Researchers estimate that the chance of getting pregnant diminishes by 3-5% each year after a woman turns 30. The chances diminish even more after age 40.

The causes of female infertility

Damage to fallopian tubes. Fallopian tubes carry the egg from the ovary to the uterus. Damage to the tube or tubes can prevent the egg from meeting the sperm. Damage can be caused by pelvic infections, endometriosis, and pelvic surgeries.
Hormonal causes. Synchronized hormonal changes lead to the release of an egg from the ovary and a thickening of the uterus as it prepares for possible implantation. For some women, this hormonal dance is offbeat. There are several hormones which can be tested and corrected.
Cervical causes. For a few women, there is a condition with their cervix which prevents the sperm from passing to meet the egg. This can be caused by abnormal mucus production or prior surgical procedures. The condition is treatable.
Uterine causes. An abnormal uterus can prevent pregnancy. This may include fibroids or polyps.
Unexplained causes. For 20% of couples, the cause may not be found using clinical methods of investigation. But this doesn’t mean that infertility cannot be overcome. There are many alternative treatments which people have used successfully and everything can be explored, with the supervision of your doctor.

Source: WebMD


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